Overview of the book of 1 chronicle
The first chronicles begin with the genealogies from adam to the twelve tribes. Firstly it starts with the tragic death of saul, the first king of Israel, and the long description of the reign of David. David was chosen by God and presented as an ideal king, who took care of the ark and secured Jerusalem, and made preparation for the building of the temple and the organization of its worship. He gave careful instructions to the priests and wanted everyone to serve properly.
The books also record the ancestry of the tribes of Israel, the importance of the Davidic line from which Jesus descended. It also emphasizes the priestly tribe of Levi and reminds Israel about the importance of racial and religious purity.
Our yesayya.com will help your understanding to aid in your study of God’s word. We hope this overview, outline, and 1 chronicle summary by chapter are helpful to you.
What is the Chronicle
The book of 1 and 2 Chronicles is originally one book. The Chronicle’s meaning is the words of the days and together they chronicle the history of Israel from Adam to the Babylonian captivity to Cyrus decree. The two books can also be known as the miniature Old testament. The books of Chronicles present the extensive collection of genealogical tables in the old testament.
Who wrote chronicles
According to Jewish tradition, Ezra wrote the Chronicles. The book of chronicles contains the same story as in the books of Samuel and kings. The sources included in this book include the prophetic records by Samuel, Isaiah, and others.
Why First chronicles are so important
The first chronicles are filled with the genealogies and it mainly focuses on the reign of King David. It also includes the great with David ( chapter 17: 11-14) and his prayer of praise in chapter 29:10-19. The author devoted significant attention to proper worship.
The author also included David’s decision on the proper manner to undertake to move the ark of the covenant. Though David desired to build the temple God revealed to him that his son Solomon would have that honor.
The theme of 1 Chronicle God’s covenant with David about the life of Israel and hope. The Davidic covenant is about the monarchy and the temple. These two together represent God’s kingdom in Israel.
1 chronicle 1 summary starts with the history of God’s work in Israel with a genealogy. The list of people is important because it gives a clear idea of God’s work in humanity and how God constantly leads his people to a redemptive end and ultimately points us to Christ.
The genealogies in 1 chronicle give importance to each tribe of Israel but clearly focus on two tribes Judah and Levi to identify the royal and searching for a rightful king and priest for God’s people.
Facts about king David
King David was a shepherd boy who became Israel’s third king. He is the most frequently mentioned human in the old testament of the Bible. He is the main character in the 1&2 Samuel and 1&2 chronicles. He also mentioned in several books and half of the psalms. He was the most famous boy who defeated a giant Goliath. David is described as a man who is after God’s own heart.
Here we have some of the things about David
- David was from the tribe of Judah
- David was Ruth and Boaz’s great-grandson
- David was the youngest of seven sons
- David was from Bethlehem
- David was anointed by God
- David was shepherd
- David was a musician
- David was a great warrior
- David was Israel’s greatest king
- David committed adultery with Bathsheba
- David plotted to have Uriah killed
- David was a man who is after God’s own heart
- David had eight wives
- David wrote half the book of psalms
Outline of 1 chronicle
Genealogies from Adam to David, 1:1-9:44
Adam to Abraham, 1:1-27
Abraham to Jacob, 1:28-54
Jacob to David, 2:1-55
David to the captivity, 3:1-24
Genealogies of the twelve tribes, 4:1-8:40
Jerusalem’s inhabitants, 9:1-34
The Family of saul, 9:35-44
David’s anointing, 10:1-12:40
The death of saul, 10:1-14
The accession of David, 11: 1-3
The capture of Jerusalem, 11:4-9
The heroes of David, 11:10-12:40
David’s reign, 13:1-29:21
David and the ark, 13:1-17:27
David brings the ark to Chiron: Uzza’s death, 13:1-14
David’s fame and victory over the Philistines, 14:1-17
David brings the ark of Jerusalem, 15:1-29
David’s celebration and arrangements for the ark, 16:1-43
David’s desire to build a temple: the Davidic covenant, 17:1-27
David’s wars, 18:1-20:8
David’s sinful census, 21:1-30
David’s preparations for the temple, 22:1-23:1
David’s organization of the Levites, 23:2- 26:32
The numbering of and duties of the Levites, 23:2-32
Dividing the Levites into twenty-four groups, 24:1-31
Assigning the musicians, 25:1-31
Appointing gatekeepers, 26:1-19
Assigning the treasures, 26:20-28
Delegating magistrates, 26:29-32
David’s last instructions to the people to Solomon, 28:1-21
David’s last instructions to the people of Israel and to his son, Solomon, 28:1-21
David’s offerings and worship, 29: 1-21
The accession of Solomon and David’s death. 29:22-30
1 & 2 chronicles roles in the Bible
David and Solomon are the key characters and they were the great kings which ruled all Israel from Jerusalem. The first chronicles
The Mosaic covenant, which was made with all Israel by God after delivering them from Egypt. In this covenant, God sets Israel as His special nation. If Israel obeys God’s law, He blessed them but if they reject Him, He disciplined them. The documents of this agreement are also known as the Law of Moses. They are the first five books of the old testament in the bible.
The Davidic covenant: This covenant was made to David by God. David had planned to build a temple for God, but God promised to establish David’s family on the throne forever. The Davidic covenant is later realized in Jesus Christ who is called the son of David and king of kings ( Matthew 1:1; Revelation 17:14)
David’s magnificent prayer is seen in 1 Chronicle 29. He knows that God will test the heart and is pleased with integrity and asks the spirit to fill him daily and guide his steps so that the future generations will be blessed. He glorified God and gratitude for gifting his family with the leadership of the nation and desire that his descendants continue to devote themselves to God.
What can we learn from the book of 1 chronicle
A reason to hope: The words given in the 1 chronicles were written to give the people of Israel to remind the story of their past in order to give them hope for their future.
While reading chronicles we see God has been active and moving among his people and prepare the way for the messiah.
Practical Application: God is faithful to His people and keeps His promises to His chosen people. In the book of 1 Chronicle, we see the fulfillment of promises to David when he was king of Israel. We can also be sure that His promises will be fulfilled in our lives as well. He has promised to bless those who follow Him and come to Christ in repentance and obey his word.
Obedience brings blessings but disobedience brings Judgement. The book of 1 Chronicle is a Chronicle of the pattern of sin, repentance, forgiveness, and restoration of the nation of Israel. In the same way, God is patient and forgives our sins when we repent before Him. He hears our prayer of sorrows, forgives our sins, and restores us to have fellowship with Him, and sets us on the path of Joy.
Book of 1 chronicles summary
It is the history book in the old testament of the bible. It contains the same story as the books of Samuel and kings. It contains the story of King David. The book also describes his plans to build the house of God in Jerusalem.
The books of chronicles written after the time of the exile and focus on the elements of history that God wanted the returning Jews to meditate and obey his laws, obedience that results in God’s blessings, the priority of the temple and priesthood, and the unconditional promises to the generations of David. The book concludes with Solomon becoming king of Israel.